Luxor Temple Guide
Ancient Egypt has always produced a great fascination. The great monuments such as the enormous pyramids of Giza, the majestic tombs in the Valley of the Kings or the mummies preserved in the Cairo Museum have fed the imagination of those who enjoy the history and beauty of ancient art. Today we make a stop at the Luxor Temple Guide to learn more about its history and curiosities.
What is and where is the Temple ?
This is one of the most important temples of ancient Egypt and its ruins are located in the city of the same name, which is situated in the central region of the country, on the banks of the Nile River.
His work is mainly due to two important pharaohs, Amenhotep III and the great Ramses I: the latter we can see two large effigies at the entrance of the Temple.
Why is the temple of Luxor important?
The temple of various cults :
The temple has undergone many evolutions since what was originally a temple of worship to the most important god of the Egyptian pantheon, Amun-Ra, was transformed over the years to accommodate the worship of other deities.
During the Ptolemaic period, Serapis was worshipped, a syncretic god who combined the Egyptian and Greek traditions.
Later, during the Roman period, a chapel was installed in honor of Augustus, the emperor who was deified, and later, when the Roman legion turned the temple into a Castro, it housed the worship of other Roman deities.
Centuries later, with the arrival of Christianity and the acceptance of this religion by the Empire, churches were built inside the great temple enclosure and today you can still see the remains of one that was located in the courtyard of Ramses II, on which was later installed a mosque dedicated to Abu El-Hag, a local saint whose relics are kept inside.
In short, between the passage of Egyptians, Greeks, Romans, Christians, and Muslims, this temple has been active in worship for over 3,500 years and today keeps its mosque active, so we can hear the call to prayer while contemplating the ruins of this pharaonic temple.
What can you see at Luxor Temple?
If we look at its main facade, we can see that before the pylons, there are two seated statues of Ramses II flanked by an obelisk and the pedestal of what should be its twin, however, the missing one is the one currently located in the Place de la Concorde in Paris and was donated by the Egyptian governor Mehmet Ali in 1830 at the request of French Egyptologist Jean François Champollion.
Continuing outside, we will observe that the avenue that develops in front of its main entrance is flanked on both sides by two rows of sphinxes with ram’s heads and human heads that reach the doors of the most important sanctuary of Ancient Egypt, the Karnak Temple.
In total, 3 kilometers of the avenue with about 1,400 sphinxes that constituted a processional step known as the Avenue of the Sphinxes.