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Egypt’s climate is dry. Egypt does not receive much rain, except in the winter months, south of Cairo. The average rainfall is only about 2 to 5 mm (0.1 to 0.2 in) per year and at intervals of many years.

On a very thin strip of the north coast, the rainfall can be as high as with most October to March rains.

In Egypt, the climate can be varied: snowfalls in the mountains of Sinai and north of some coastal cities like Damietta, Baltim, Sidi Barany, etc. and rarely in Alexandria, frosts are also known in mid-Sinai and Egypt.

Average temperatures range from 15º in winter to 50º in the desert during the summer months, with an average of 26º in the Delta area in summer.

The Delta has a more moderate climate with summer temperatures between 20º and 30º and high humidity due to the presence of water, resulting in a very Mediterranean climate.

The temperature of the water in the Red Sea is pleasant, but because there are intense currents of water, it can become very cold, but generally, in summer it is warm. All along this coast and in the Sinai the wind blows almost daily and makes it ideal for certain water sports.

A constant northwest wind helps to keep the temperature near the Mediterranean coast, so characteristic of Egypt’s climate.

In the first days of spring, the “Khamasin” appears which is a hot wind, and it blows from the western desert at a speed of up to 150 km/h , dragging enormous quantities of sand and dust, sometimes increasing the temperature in the desert.

The climate of Egypt is known because every year, the floods of the Egyptian Nile replenish the soil and vegetation. This gives the country a year-round harvest. Many know this event as the gift of the Nile. Rising sea levels due to global warming threaten Egypt’s densely populated coastal strip and could have serious consequences for the country’s economy, agriculture, and industry.